Volume 18, Issue 71 (5-2024)                   etiadpajohi 2024, 18(71): 31-54 | Back to browse issues page

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Salmani A, Basharpoor S, Salehinejad M A. The Effectiveness of Transcranial Direct Electrical Stimulation (tDCS) on Craving and Decision-Making Styles in Substance Users. etiadpajohi 2024; 18 (71) :31-54
URL: http://etiadpajohi.ir/article-1-2769-en.html
Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
Abstract:   (441 Views)
Objective: The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of transcranial direct electrical stimulation (tDCS) on craving and decision-making styles in substance users. Method: The study employed a semi-experimental design with a pretest-posttest approach and included a control group. The statistical population of this research included substance users in Ardabil city in 2021 who had sought treatment at addiction treatment centers. Among these, 30 people were selected using cluster sampling method and were randomly divided into two groups: experimental (n = 15) and control (n = 15). The participants in the experimental group underwent 15 twenty-minute sessions of anodic stimulation of the F3 region and cathodic stimulation of the F4 region. To collect data, we used a short scale to measure craving for substances and general decision-making styles. The data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of covariance. Results: Findings showed that there was a statistically significant difference between the two experimental and control groups in rational, intuitive, dependent, immediate, and avoidant decision-making styles, as well as craving. Conclusion: These results signify the dysfunction of prefrontal areas in the craving and decision-making processes in substance users. Electrical stimulation of these areas can be an effective intervention to reduce these deficiencies.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/07/20 | Accepted: 2023/05/15 | Published: 2024/07/5

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