Volume 12, Issue 50 (3-2019)                   etiadpajohi 2019, 12(50): 43-66 | Back to browse issues page

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Etebarian A, Moshref Javadi M, Kivanmanish M. developing a Health-centered sustainable development model with emphasis on addiction. etiadpajohi. 2019; 12 (50) :43-66
URL: http://etiadpajohi.ir/article-1-1752-en.html
Isfahan Shariati Hospital
Abstract:   (3125 Views)
Sustainable development is human-centered and, according to wide range of its topics and capabilities, it has quickly become the most important debate and one of the important challenges of recent decades. In sustainable development, "human" is the center of development and deserves health, security, culture, education, knowledge and development of communication and information. Therefore, the role of human resources, especially adolescents and young people, in process of sustainable development is an important and unmatched role, and human resource determines the future of every nation, because 30 percent of the world's population is made up of children and young people, who are the foundation of future development. Expansion of addiction problem is followed by many problems in economic, environmental and social fields. Problems caused by drug abuse lead to a reduction in natural surveillance social and economic interactions, and subsequently a suitable environment will be created for criminals and exacerbated crime and illness and endangers the health of community. In addition, the crime rate caused by drug abuse has increased in recent years. It reveals the need to address this issue from the point of view of distorting public health and its impact on sustainable development. Now, the question is that, how is the health -based sustainable development model with emphasis on the role of addiction?
This research is exploratory-descriptive (post-event) in terms of method and nature of the data, and is developmental-applied in terms of goal, which has been done in two qualitative-quantitative (hybrid) stages, during the period from 133 to 1396. First step: in qualitative method, using a fuzzy Delphi technique, we develop a sustainable development model, which is based on general health. In this regard, 30 researchers, scholars, experts and senior directors of Iran Drug Control Headquarters were interviewed, and interview texts were analyzed, which resulted in development of a sustainable development model focused on general health. Second stage: In quantitative method for distributing the questionnaire, a population of 420 senior managers, expert experts and staff of the Iran Drug Control Headquarters, using the Cochran formula, 201 was considered as a sample. Structural validity (confirmatory factor analysis), study of normal distribution of data (Kolmogorov-Smirnov test), ranking of model components (Friedman test) and study of components of sustainable development model on addiction (t-test) were assessed by SPSS and LISREL software.
Findings: Finally, a sustainable development model based on general health in three dimensions of social, environmental and economic, 12 components and 86 indexes was developed. In quantitative method, the results also showed that all components of model had a significant and negative effect on addiction, which means that with increase or improvement of sustainable development model components the tendency to addiction also decreases. In addition, among dimensions of sustainable development model, social, economic and environmental dimensions had the most impact on addiction.
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/05/30 | Accepted: 2019/04/21 | Published: 2019/05/11

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