Volume 11, Issue 44 (3-2018)                   etiadpajohi 2018, 11(44): 9-22 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Salimi L, Baheri T, Mirzaei S. Determination of Methamphetamine, Cocaine, Morphine, and Codeine Rates in Urban Sewage through Gas Chromatography. etiadpajohi. 2018; 11 (44) :9-22
URL: http://etiadpajohi.ir/article-1-1217-en.html
Azad University
Abstract:   (4881 Views)
Objective: In addition to damage to individual and social health, drug abuse can seriously endanger the aquatic environment through access to aquatic ecosystems. In this research, narcotic drugs (methamphetamine, cocaine, morphine, and codeine) in the input and output wastewater, the sludge arising from wastewater treatment in the wastewater treatment plant of Tehran municipality, and the output effluent in one of the hospitals in Tehran (Tehranpars Hospital) have been examined via GC gas chromatography and Solid Phase Micro Extraction. Method: Solid-phase micro-extraction is an equilibrium extraction method through which it is possible to use pollutants in low concentrations and with high sensitivity without using solvents by means of a proper calibration method. Gas chromatography is the analyzer, initially used with SPME, and, to date, many of its applications are based on separation and analysis by this device. Results: The results of this study showed that high concentrations of codeine and morphine exist in urban sewage and the efficacy of treatment plants in removing these contaminants was not significant (elimination percentages were 23% and 43%, respectively). It has also been observed that there is no cocaine in the study samples. Conclusion: The findings of this study have health-medical implications and points.
Full-Text [PDF 564 kb]   (3552 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/08/10 | Accepted: 2018/03/15 | Published: 2018/03/17

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Scientific Quarterly Research on Addiction

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb